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Treasures and Tombstones

Presenter: Patricia Westlake
Summary:  The New Mexico Jewish Historical Society was founded in 1986 to promote the preservation of Jewish history in New Mexico. One of these components was the establishment of the NM Jewish Historical Society's Archives, housed at the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives. These records include family papers from Jewish pioneers in New Mexico, Jewish artists, and the Society's administrative records. Elisabeth Kaplan wrote, while looking at the American Jewish Historical Society's inception, that "[t]he archival record doesn't just happen; it is created by individuals and organizations, and used, in turn, to support their values and missions, all of which comprises a process that is certainly not politically or culturally neutral."[i] The purpose of this research was to look at how the NMJHS fits into the larger history of American Jewish archives and how their preservation of Jewish history in New Mexico shapes and strengthens the community.
Archival Research and Discourse Analysis Concerning W.W.H. Davis's El Gr*ngo

Presenter: Lille Norstad
Summary:  El Gr*ngo: New Mexico and Her People has been exemplified by scholars as a prototype of the racist, anti-Mexicano discourse prevalent during the mid-nineteenth century. Its rhetorical strategies, however, have not been examined at length alongside texts with similar ideological goals. This discussion looks at ways that archival material can enhance our historical understanding of a given text as discourse, thus providing important insights into how such a text becomes rhetorical.
Perspectives on Pedro Lucero de Godoy Petronila de Zamora and Francisca Gomez Robledo

Presenter: Ronald Maestas, Ph.D.
Summary:  Pedro Lucero de Godoy is considered the proginator of several prominent families in New Mexico. Pedro arrived in Santa Fe in January 1617; he was sixteen or seventeen years of age, yet considered a man for some of this period. Soon after his arrival Pedro married Petronila de Zamora. Pedro Lucero de Godoy re-married Francisca Gomez de Robledo, daughter of Portuguese adventurer Francisco Gomez. The researcher is a direct descendant of Francisco Gomez.
The Ortega-Borrego Papers

Presenter: Don Usner
Summary:  Last year, Don Usner, embarked on a project to transcribe the Ortega-Borrego papers, a diverse collection of historic documents from the Santa Cruz valley-especially the Plaza del Cerro in Chimayó-and the San Juan/El Güique area. The original documents are held in private family collections, while copies of most of them (approximately 200 in number) can be found in the New Mexico Records Center and Archives. He transcribed approximately 50 documents dating from 1706 to 1800 last year and continued with the work this year, transcribing another 50 documents.
The Greeks of Albuquerque, 1900--1952

Presenter: Katherine Pomonis
Summary:  There were no known Greeks in Albuquerque until 1896 at which time Greek names can be found in the city directory. Some worked for the railroad. Others had TB and came for the cure. By 1917, some began opening businesses in the downtown area. Those who succeeded bought homes and either brought wives from Greece or intermarried. They began petitioning for naturalization starting in 1906. One is known to have fought in WW I and one is known to have died in WW II. In 1937, they opened a national sanatorium for indigent Greeks. In 1944, the Hellenic community established an Orthodox church.
The Navajo Nation and the Ideology of Development:

Presenter: Jennifer Nez Denetdale, Ph.D.
Summary:  This lecture examines the evolution of development on the Navajo Nation from 1968 to the present and its impact on Navajo entrance into American modern society, including shifting concepts of traditional gender roles.
New Mexico's Boxing Legacy

Presenter: Christopher Cozzone
Summary:  While New Mexicans know the names Johnny Tapia, Danny Romero and Holly Holm, few have heard of Benny Chavez, Eddie Mack or Benny Cordova. Few know that, in 1868, a five-hour bare-knuckle prize fight outside Santa Fe resulted in a death, or that, in 1896, the Territory of New Mexico played a huge role in a nationwide ban on prizefights.
We Are Not Barbarians

Presenter: Jordan Gonzalez
Summary:  This research project focuses on New Mexicans who were stationed in the Philippines during World War II, specifically in the 200th and 515th Coastal Guard Artillery Units of the National Guard. In April 1942, after the Battle of Bata'an, Japan's Imperial Army forced approximately 70,000 U.S. and Filipino captive soldiers to march more than 75 miles on the Bata'an Peninsula, located on the island of Luzon, towards the camps that would become the survivors' home for the duration of the war. More than one-third of these soldiers-estimated at more than 25,000-died during the summer of 1942 alone. New Mexicans endured, died, and survived the Bata'an Death March in larger numbers of National Guard personnel than any other U.S. state, with regiments that totaled more than 1,800 Native Americans, Latinos, and Whites. Although published research portrays the traumatic events of the Bata'an Death March, the experiences of veterans of color, including those from New Mexico, have received less attention and critical analysis. Through the framework of Critical Race Theory, this project centers their stories as ethnic minorities enduring war and imperialism.
The Visual Enchanting of the Land of Enchantment:

Presenter: Joy Sperling, Ph.D.
Summary:  This presentation will examine the origins, construction, and durability of the visual myth of the Southwest as an 'enchanted land' through an investigation of the ways art and tourism transacted in the early modern period to re-imagine the Southwest's identity, place and purpose within the prevailing American national narrative. I argue that the 'enchanting' of the region, the mythologized visual narrative produced by transplanted art colonists as outsiders, and the not-entirely voluntary 'performed authenticity' of its Native American residents, who were subjected daily to the scrutinizing gaze of tourists, functioned in concert to create a seamless, visually engaging and entertaining space for wealthy tourists. Those tourists found solace, comfort, and a reinstatement of their position as consumers of visual culture within the geographical space of the United States at a time when they found it increasingly difficult to assert their status freely and guiltlessly at the height of the Great Depression.
Art Education at the Albuquerque Indian School, 1889-1917

Presenter: Marinella Lentis
Summary:  This presentation will focus on the art curriculum of the Albuquerque Indian School from 1889 to 1917. In particular, it will discuss the organization, structure and pedagogy of arts and crafts instruction within a school day, the advertising and marketing of students' crafts, and the students' responses to this curriculum.
Property Rights and Wrongs

Presenter: David Correia, Ph.D
Summary:   The adjudication of claims for the Mexican-era Tierra Amarilla Land Grant in northern New Mexico remains one of the most controversial legal issues in New Mexico land grant history. As a result of the lengthy adjudication and frequent conflict, claims and counterclaims over private versus common property on the grant remain unresolved. Among the issues are the conflicting legal and social conventions of territorial New Mexico and the legal interpretations of property by New Mexico and Federal Courts. In this brown-bag discussion, Correia reconsiders the question of property in Tierra Amarilla by revisiting the social and legal foundation of property rights in territorial New Mexico, the various methods claimants used in the early 20th century when making property rights arguments, and the logic of state and federal courts in interpreting property claims.
The Age of Caudillos in New Mexico

Presenter: Michael Alarid
Summary:  By focusing on how caudillos secured and consolidated their regional power, this presentation examines the process by which the institution of caudillismo became entrenched in New Mexico during the Mexican era. Beginning with an examination of the origins of caudillismo, the first portion of this article explores scholarly definitions of caudillismo, the conditions that fostered regionalization in the age of caudillismo, and finally how local strongmen exploited these conditions to secure wealth and influence in New Mexico. The second part of this presentation documents the rise of the New Mexican caudillo class, specifically by revisiting Manuel Armijo’s ascension to power. By exploring the New Mexican landscape during the Chimayo Rebellion evidence is revealed that buttresses conspiracy theories attached to memories of the rebellion, which postulate that the social unrest of 1837 was fueled by an opportunistic caudillo class determined to resist the centralization efforts from Mexico City. This resistance resulted in the rebellion that secured regionalism in New Mexico and established the trajectory of New Mexican social history, a power structure that followed the path established by Manuel Armijo and his social class beyond the Mexican period and through the American Civil War.
A Work in Progress

Presenter: Jason Shapiro
Summary:  Over the past century, archaeologists have learned a great deal about 12,000 years of life in and around Santa Fe. We have some idea about how the several cultural periods differed and why they differed, but despite all our efforts, we as archaeologists will never be able to sit back and say, "We're done. There is nothing else that we can know or can learn or can understand." In a place like Santa Fe, the next new discovery orinterpretation may be literally right around the corner.
Stories of the Federal Presence in New Mexico, 1900-1940

Presenter: Dr. David Holtby
Summary:   Dr. Holtby discusses how the federal government addressed modernization and the impact its decisions had on New Mexicans between 1900 and 1940. Changes in the economy, social relations, and the environment are examined to see how Native Americans, blacks, nuevomexicanos, and Anglos interacted with the U.S. government. The complicated, often uncoordinated, and sometimes contradictory activities of the judicial, legislative, and executive branches are situated within a consideration of how government laid the foundations for the welfare state and the rise of corporate capitalism in the first half of the twentieth-century. The former is discussed through the rise of demands for veteran pensions as a precursor to social security, while the latter is traced to the origins of agri-business.
Pardoning Breadwinners, Constructing Masculinities

Presenter: Sabrina Sanchez
Summary:  This talk examines the gendered rhetorical strategies that Territorial Penitentiary inmates deployed in order to claim entitlement to Territorial Governor George Curry's Holiday Pardons between 1907 and 1910. How did these men-along with destitute parents, ill wives, and "womanly" children-construct and perform Territorial masculinities by evoking claims of industriousness, familial responsibilities of embattled caregivers, vulnerabilities of boyhood, and financial burdens based upon age and disability? Attention will be paid to the ways women appear-and subsequently disappear-as recipients of aid, as collaborators in criminal rehabilitation, and as inmates themselves. Finally, this talk explores whether appeals for Holiday Pardons masked underlying economic instability within Territorial New Mexico's penitentiary system, specifically in Chaves County.
On the Trail of Pancho Villa in New Mexicoican

Presenter: Brandon Morgan
Summary:  On the Trail of Pancho Villa in New Mexico: The Impact of the Mexican Revolution on Citizens in New Mexico
At Home on the Front End

Presenter: Traci Voyles
Summary:  At Home on the Front End: Intimate Cartographies and Military Industry on the Navajo Nation
Thomas Velez Cachupin and the New Mexico Pueblos

Presenter: James Dory-Garduno
Summary:  Thomas Velez Cachupin and the New Mexico Pueblos: Did the Governor Recognize Aboriginal Claims in his Grants to the Pueblos of Zia, Jemez, Santa Ana, and Cochiti?
A Cultural Mapping and Place Name Study

Presenter: Molly Charlyn Padgett
Summary:  A Cultural Mapping and Place Name Study: Valles Caldera
The Ortega Papers from Chimayo

Presenter: Don Usner: Photographer, Santa Fe, New Mexico
Summary:  The Ortega Papers from Chimayo: Records from 200 Years at the Plaza del Cerro
Environmental Writing in New Mexico: Nina Otero Warren

Presenter: Dr. Priscilla Solis Ybarra: Assistant Professor, English, Texas Tech University
Summary:  Environmental Writing in New Mexico: Nina Otero Warren Mexican American writing is a very valuable resource for environmental thought. Mexican Americans' deep historical ties to the land - working the land in sustainable ways - and the narration of these ties in memoirs and novels of the nineteenth and early twentieth century prove invaluable resources for traditional environmental knowledge. Up to now, no one has taken the time to establish a methodical mapping of Mexican American environmental writing. Writing such a Mexican American environmental literary history involves two challenges: to establish as deep a historical context as possible, and to offer a comprehensive geographic representation. This lecture is part of this larger project and concerns the environmental writer Adelina Otero Warren from New Mexico, a region that contains a rich history of writing about the natural environment, and delves into the early twentieth century, a period of dynamic development in the Mexican American identity.
The Alianza, the Black Berets, and Community Activism

Presenter: Federico A. Reade, Jr., PhD
Summary:  The Alianza, the Black Berets, and Community Activism
Dean Jett Correspondence:

Presenter: Ruth Michelle Quintana
Summary:  Dean Jett Correspondence: New Mexico's Ties to World War II History
The Alianza Federal de Mercedes: Between Memory and History

Presenter: Dr. Lorena Oropeza: Associate Professor, History, University of California, Davis
Summary:  The Alianza Federal de Mercedes: Between Memory and History In this lecture, Dr. Oropeza explicates two strategies that allow her to address the era of land-grant activism in general and the Alianza's Federal de Mercedes' controversial founder in particular. Dr. Oropeza argues that Reies Lopez Tijerina's greatest significance was not as a gun-wielding revolutionary (as so often painted in celebratory accounts of the Tierra Amarilla Courthouse Raid) but as someone who popularized a long-suppressed version of the past, in this case, the memory of land loss among Spanish-speaking New Mexicans. Secondly she argues that Reies Lopez Tijerina was also a memory enforcer in terms of his own reputation. On the one hand, Tijerina challenged mythic narratives about the peaceful conquest of Native people by the Spanish and of harmonious race relations through time in New Mexico. On the other hand, Tijerina was very much involved in establishing and even enforcing an official story about himself and his role in the land-grant movement and beyond.